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 exam centre - junior cert   « back 

                                    Geography Model Answer 2006 - Higher

 Question 1                               State Examination Commission
 Sample Paper

 Examine the Ordnance Survey extract of the Mullingar region supplied.

A. Draw a sketch – map to half scale to illustrate the major drainage features of the area. (20)

This part will be mainly skills based e.g. drawing a map, interpreting diagrams or maps etc. it carries 20 marks i.e. 25% of the total time allocated to the question. So you have just under 10 minutes for this. The marking scheme is 5 marks for drawing the map. Then FIVE drainage features at 3 marks each. (shown 2 marks, named 1 mark).  

You should draw a frame. Give the map a title and show north. N.B you are asked to draw a sketch map to half scale. This means it should be half the length and half the breadth Of the O.S. Map.          

A quick way to do this is to count the grid squares along the bottom (12) and along the side (9). Your sketch should be 6 square by 4.5 squares. Each square is 2cm across, so your sketch should be 12cm by 9cm.     

Remember:
You only have about 8 mins. To do this sketch so do not put more into the sketch map than you are asked for.

 
  
 B. Examine the formation of any two Irish landforms, with reference to the surface processes which formed them (30)

Examine the formation of any two Irish landforms, with reference to the surface processes which formed them.              

This section of the question carries 30 marks. It asks for two Irish landforms i.e. 15 marks for each landform.
This is how you would gain the 15 marks for one landform.

  • Naming the landform = 1 mark
  • Giving an Irish example = 2 marks
  • Five SRP’s (single piece of factual information-) @ 2 marks each= 10 marks
  • Overall cohesion = 2 marks
    Note that the question does not ask for a diagram so you are not required to give one. However, it is probably easier to explain the formations of a physical feature with a diagram.

“Rivers are significant agents shaping the Irish Landscape. One feature that can be found in a river valley is a waterfall (1 mark for naming the landform), such as the Asleagh Falls on the Erriff River (2 marks for giving an Irish example). Waterfalls are usually found in the upper course of a river (2 marks for SRP), the waterfall usually occurs where a bar of hard bedrock lies across the course of the river (2 marks for SRP). If this is horizontal, as the river runs off this hard bar of rock onto less       resistant rock below, it erodes the softer rock faster by abrasion (2 marks for SRP). Over time an overhang is created and as the water falls directly onto the softer rock below; it forms a plunge pool (2 marks for SRP). Eventually the hard rock layer will be undermined and the waterfall will retreat upstream. (2 marks for SRP)

 
(part B Continued) This answer would be sufficient to get you full marks. However, you may choose to include a labelled diagram. In this case you could get up to 4 marks for the diagram (i.e. 2 SRP’s) and then get the other 3 from what you write. If you write too much that is O.K. The examiner will correct all your points and mark you for your best five. The  SEC indicates that the diagram and text could be as follows.
                                                                                                                                  
 (Part B continued) Additional SRP’s are shown opposite
 

 The final 2 marks for this section of the answer will be awarded for “cohesion”. This means your answer should flow and have logic to it. It would appear that paragraphs will be favoured over bullet points.

You would do the same for a second landform. Note – if you chose e.g. a river feature as your first landform you can also choose a river feature as your second landform.
However, you can also choose a feature from some other area e.g. coastal features.

 
 C. Explain how the effects of isostatic processes can be seen in the Irish landscape today. (30) 

 This part also requires two features.
Here is how you would answer on one feature. Again the marking scheme is:

  • Effect named = 1 mark
  • Five SRPs @ 2 marks each = 10 marks
  • Or four SRPs @ 2 marks each + diagram 2 marks = 10 marks
  • Irish example = 2 marks
  • Overall cohesion of answer = 2 marks
    i.e. total of 15 marks for each feature. Total 30 marks

The isostatic process causes the raising and lowering of land relative to the level of the sea. This can either lead to landforms being drowned by the sea or landforms emerging from the sea (landforms that were once at sea level are now above it).

Examples of landforms which were drowned include RIAS (drowned river valleys in a previous upland region – [Bantry Bay]) or FJORDS (drowned glaciated valleys [Killary Harbour or all along the Norwegian Coast]).
An example of landforms which emerged is a Raised Beach. River rejuvenation can also be associated with the emergence of land.

In this section of the answer you are asked to explain two such features. Remember, you are not required to go into too much detail as you only have about 7 or 8 minutes to describe each feature.

 

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