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Exam Guide | Model Answer

Junior Cycle Irish - Exam Guide (H)

(a) Exam Structure & Strategy

Level Higher
  Páipéar 1 Páipéar 2
Time 1 hour 30 minutes (90 minutes)

Allow 5 minutes at the start of the exam to read through the paper in its entirety.

2 hours (120 minutes)

Allow 10 minutes at the start of the exam to read through the paper in its entirety.
Marks 100 marks
120 marks
Structure Roinn 1 Scríobh na Teanga (70marks)
Ceist 1 (50 marks)
Answer one from A, B, C or D
Allow 35 minutes
Ceist 2 (20 marks)
Answer A or B
Allow 20 minutes
Roinn 1 Prós Liteartha (30 marks)

Ceist 1 (15 marks)
Answer 3 questions from A or B
Ceist 2 (15 marks)
Answer A or B
Allow 25 minutes (12 x 2 approx.)

  Roinn 11 Léamhthuiscint (30 marks)
Answer all questions
Allow 25 minutes
Roinn 11 Filíocht (30 marks)

Ceist 1 (15 marks)
Answer 3 questions from A or B
Ceist 2 (15 marks)
Answer A or B
Allow 25 minutes (12 x 2 approx.)
  Allow 5 minutes at the end of the exam to check over your work.
Roinn 111 Léamhthuiscint Giotaí gearra (30 marks)
Answer 3 questions
from A, B, C or D
Allow 25 minutes (8 x 3 approx.)
    Roinn 1V Litir a Scríobh (30 marks)Answer A, B or C
Allow 25 minutes
    Allow 10 minutes at the end of the exam to check over your work

Exam Strategy

  • Be sure that you are familiar with the timing of the examinations. You have 1-½ hours in which to answer Páipéar 1 and you have 2 hours in which to answer Páipéar 2. Use the exam structure above for advice.
  • Remember that Irish at Junior Certificate Higher level consists of three parts: Cluastuiscint (Aural examination), Páipéar 1 (language paper) and Páipéar 2 (a mixture of literature and language paper). Turn up for all parts of the examination and do not be tempted to leave out any part of the examination.
  • Remember that the Cluastuiscint is worth 100 marks, which is over 31% of the total marks for the Junior Certificate Honours Irish examination. So, practise listening to the Cluastuiscint section from past Examination papers to familiarise yourself with the vocabulary of the section of the examination.
  • For Páipéar 1, it is helpful to begin the examination with the Léamhthuiscint (Comprehension) question. As it is written in Irish, it will help you to start thinking in Irish before you move onto the other parts of the examination.
  • Remember when answering questions on unseen Prós or Filíocht on Páipéar 2 that when you make a statement on the passage / poem you must back it up with a quotation from the passage / poem, and then develop or explain your statement briefly.

 

(b) Walk-through the paper (Question by question)

Páipéar 1

Roinn i Scríobh na Teanga

Ceist 1

  • Be sure that you understand the title of the ‘Aiste’, ‘Scéal’, ‘Díospóireacht’ or ‘Alt’ and that you stick to it.
  • You only need to write about 1½ pages as an answer.
  • Make out a rough draft of your answer at the back of your answer book. Place your thoughts into order with opening, middle and closing paragraphs.
  • Take care, for example, with the tense in which the piece is written as most marks are going for the standard of the Irish.

Ceist 2

  • You only have to write about a ½ page on the chosen topic.
  • Remember that a ‘comhrá’ is an informal talk between people, whereas an interview ‘agallamh’ is a formal meeting with a person to assess his or her merits or indeed, to obtain information from the other person.
  • It is a good idea to have learned handy phrases beforehand on giving an opinion, expressing your feelings, agreeing / disagreeing with somebody, complaining, apologising, or giving excuses, which can apply to any ‘comhrá’ or ‘agallamh’.

Roinn ii Léamhthuiscint

You are asked to comprehend or to understand passages, which are usually taken from some of the regular Irish journals, magazines or newspapers.

  • Read over comprehensions from the past Examination Papers to familiarise yourself with the styles of writing and to accustom yourself with the questions.

Páipéar 2

Roinn i Prós Liteartha

Ceist 1
This is an unseen piece of prose. You must answer 3 questions on this extract: one from A (Buntuiscint), one from B (Léirthuiscint Ghinearálta), and the third from A or B. You are asked to answer the questions in your own words as far as possible. All the questions are of equal marks.

  • There is no need to write more than a page as an answer.

Ceist 2
This question refers to an Irish short story or an Irish novel or an Irish drama that you have studied.

  • Be sure that you are able to write down properly the title and the author of your chosen work.
  • There is no need to write more than a half page as an answer.
  • There are three principal themes in this section – ‘na mothucháin’ (feelings / emotions), ‘saol an duine’ (the life of a person) and ‘dúlra agus timpeallacht’ (nature and the environment).
  • Try to have prepared some information beforehand on your chosen work such as: ‘plota’ (plot), ‘achoimre’ (a short summary), ‘téamaí’ (themes), ‘carachtair’ (characters), ‘teicníocht liteartha’ (literary techniques) and whether you liked / disliked your chosen work.

Roinn ii Filíocht

Ceist 1
This is an unseen poem or poems. You must answer 3 questions on these poems: one from A (Buntuiscint), one from B (Léirthuiscint Ghinearálta) and the third from A or B. You are asked to answer the questions in your own words as far as possible.

  • There is no need to write more than a page when answering this question

Ceist 2
This refers to an Irish poem that you have studied.

  • Be sure that you are able to write down properly the title of the poem and the name of the poet.
  • There is no need to write more than a half page as an answer.
  • The themes in this section are the same themes as in Roinn 1, Ceist 2 (Prós Liteartha) above. So, be sure to make preparations beforehand as advised above.

Roinn iii Léamhthuiscint Giotaí gearra

This question consists of a series of three short comprehension passages, namely Ceist A, B and C. There are usually only about 2 questions on each piece and you are required to have your answers in your own words, as far as possible.

  • Usually one of the questions will ask you to “fill in the blanks” with suitable words from the list of words given. There are usually 11 words given, and number one is already given to you. It is not necessary to rewrite the whole piece; you simply list the words in order from 1 to 11.

Roinn iV Litir a Scríobh

The choice here includes informal and formal letters.

  • Be sure that you know the lay out of a letter: address, date, greeting, the opening paragraph, the main body and the closing of the letter.
  • It is useful to have vocabulary ready beforehand which would be suitable for the opening and closing paragraphs of both informal and formal letters.
  • It is necessary only to write about a half page as an answer to this question.
Exam Guide | Model Answer

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